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Subluxation is a term given to parts of the spine that are moving improperly. This improper movement can affect the spine and the rest of the body in some of the following ways.

Spinal kinesiopathology occurs when the bones of the spine lose their normal motion and positional form. This can happen through injury, strain, poor posture, or other stresses. This component will result in a decreased ability to turn, bend, or just a general feeling of “stiffness”.


Neuropathology is where nerves can become overexcited, hyperactive, or irritated from being “pinched” by the malfunctioning joint complex of the spine. Due to the way the vertebrae sit on top of one another to form the spinal column, abnormalities in the spinal column can irritate, pinch, rub or choke the delicate tissue of the spinal cord within the spinal canal and nerve roots as they exit the spinal column.


Myopathology is commonly caused by impaired nerve communication to muscles that support the spine. These muscles can weaken, atrophy (become smaller), or tighten and can go into spasm. This can affect the muscle's elasticity and result in abnormal muscle and spinal function. 


Histopathology affects the soft tissues near the spine. Pressure from the vertebrae can have adverse effects including herniating the disc spaces, causing them to tear, degenerate or bulge. Ligaments often stretch or tear and other soft tissues swell and inflame. This may result in permanent damage.


Pathophysiology is the body’s response to chronic altered biomechanics of the spine or joints.   The body grows new bone by laying down calcium deposits along bone, tendon, ligaments, and other soft tissues in order to attempt to stabilize the joint(s). This arthritic splinting of bones is also referred to as a bone spur.

Over time, these bone spurs can completely immobilize the joint causing scar tissue. This disruption in movement of the spine may affect other systems in the body.

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